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Facial Disfigurement - a multidimensional approach: Theory and Models

Aim: The adjustment to facial disfigurement (acquired or congenital) has been researched during the last few years, the objective of this work is to understand the main theories and models used by researchers in the course of their evaluation and intervention on people who show visible differences to their visage. Method: Using the EBSCO, Web of Knowledge, PubMed and Web of Science databases, an advanced research targeting facial disfigurement, theories, models and frameworks, was conducted. Results: The EBSCO, Web of Knowledge, PubMed and Web of Science databases identified 14 articles with the keywords “Facial disfigurement”, “Theory”, “Model” and “Framework”. These articles mention different approaches such as social, psychoanalytical, cognitive, cognitive-behavioural, stress and coping, biomedical and psycho-social. Conclusion: Most articles indicate the cognitive-behaviour theory as the one mostly used for evaluation and intervention on people with facial disfigurement.

Facial Disfigurement - a multidimensional approach: Theory and Models

DOI: 10.22533/at.ed.21420290813

Palavras chave: Facial Disfigurement, Theory, Model, Framework

Keywords: Facial Disfigurement, Theory, Model, Framework

Abstract:

Aim: The adjustment to facial disfigurement (acquired or congenital) has been researched during the last few years, the objective of this work is to understand the main theories and models used by researchers in the course of their evaluation and intervention on people who show visible differences to their visage. Method: Using the EBSCO, Web of Knowledge, PubMed and Web of Science databases, an advanced research targeting facial disfigurement, theories, models and frameworks, was conducted. Results: The EBSCO, Web of Knowledge, PubMed and Web of Science databases identified 14 articles with the keywords “Facial disfigurement”, “Theory”, “Model” and “Framework”. These articles mention different approaches such as social, psychoanalytical, cognitive, cognitive-behavioural, stress and coping, biomedical and psycho-social. Conclusion: Most articles indicate the cognitive-behaviour theory as the one mostly used for evaluation and intervention on people with facial disfigurement.

Autores

  • JOSÉ MENDES
  • Rui Rego